Stages of periodontal disease

Studies have shown that gum disease is a risk factor in experiencing serious medical conditions such as heart disease, stroke and premature births. If not professionally removed, the plaque buildup and bacteria can cause damage to gums and jaw bone over time. Gum disease progresses from gingivitis, the first and mild stage, to periodontitis, the second and serious stage.

About Gum Disease

Periodontal disease progresses as the sulcus (pocket or space) between the tooth and gums gets filled with bacteria, plaque, and tartar, causing irritation to the surrounding tissues.  When these irritants remain in the pocket space, they can cause damage to the gums and eventually, the bone that supports the teeth!

If the disease is caught in the early stages of gingivitis, and no damage has been done, one to two regular dental scale and clean will be recommended.  You will also be given instructions on improving your daily oral hygiene habits and having regular dental cleanings.

What Causes Gum Disease?

Here are the main causes that increase your risk of gingivitis:

  • Injury to the gums
  • Stress
  • Smoking
  • Poor nutrition
  • Pregnancy
  • Diabetes
  • Side effects of some medications
  • Dental problems like rough or misaligned teeth