Periodontal treatment methods depend upon the type and severity of the disease. Your dentist and dental hygienist will evaluate for periodontal disease at your maintenance visit and recommend the appropriate treatment.
Studies have shown that gum disease is a risk factor in experiencing serious medical conditions such as heart disease, stroke and premature births. If not professionally removed, the plaque buildup and bacteria can cause damage to gums and jaw bone over time. Gum disease progresses from gingivitis, the first and mild stage, to periodontitis, the second and serious stage.
About Gum Disease
Periodontal disease progresses as the sulcus (pocket or space) between the tooth and gums gets filled with bacteria, plaque, and tartar, causing irritation to the surrounding tissues. When these irritants remain in the pocket space, they can cause damage to the gums and eventually, the bone that supports the teeth!
If the disease is caught in the early stages of gingivitis, and no damage has been done, one to two regular cleanings will be recommended. You will also be given instructions on improving your daily oral hygiene habits and having regular dental cleanings.
What Causes Gum Disease?
Here are the main causes that increase your risk of gingivitis:
- Injury to the gums
- Poor nutrition
- Side effects of some medications
- Dental problems like rough or misaligned teeth
Scaling and Root Planing
If the disease has progressed to more advanced stages, a special periodontal cleaning called scaling and root planing (deep cleaning) will be recommended. It is usually done one quadrant of the mouth at a time while the area is numb. In this procedure, tartar, plaque, and toxins are removed from above and below the gum line (scaling) and rough spots on root surfaces are made smooth (planing).
The scaling and root planing procedure helps gum tissue to heal and pockets to shrink. Medications, special medicated mouth rinses, and an electric toothbrush may be recommended to help control infection and healing.
If the pockets do not heal after scaling and root planing, periodontal surgery may be needed to reduce pocket depths, making teeth easier to clean. We may also recommend that you see a Periodontist (specialist of the gums and supporting bone).
Comprehensive Gum Treatment in Sunshine Coast
Reduce the risk and development of gum disease with good oral hygiene, professional dental cleaning and a healthy lifestyle. Gum treatment in Sunshine Coast effectively reduces gum inflammation to improve the symptoms of gum disease. This involves dental cleaning, oral hygiene instructions, and treatment of any oral health issues that may have contributed to the disease.
One way to keep strong and complete teeth is to keep your gums healthy. Fight gum disease and improve your overall oral health with the help of your dentist in Sunshine Coast here at Smiles Nambour.